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The official publication of the North American Conference on British Studies (NACBS), the Journal of British Studies, has positioned itself as the critical resource for scholars of British culture from the Middle Ages through the present. Drawing on both established and emerging approaches, JBS presents scholarly articles and books reviews from renowned international authors who share their ideas on British society, politics, law, economics, and the arts. In 2005 (Vol. 44), the journal merged with the NACBS publication Albion, creating one journal for NACBS membership.

British Studies Intelligencer, 7th series,11.1 (Spring 2001), The University of Arizona


Remembering Lawrence Stone

Scholarly panels were convened last year on either side of the Atlantic to assess the work and legacy of Lawrence Stone, Dodge Professor of History (emeritus) at Princeton University, who died on June 16, 1999. The first of the panels, which took place in June 2000 at the Eighteenth Century Seminar of the Institute of Historical Research, ranged eclectically over the personal and scholarly dimensions of Stone's contribution to the field of history in an attempt to define the nature of his legacy. Dr. Susan Whyman vividly described her experience of Stone as a graduate teacher. Timothy Hitchcock (University of Hertfordshire), in the critical spirit that Stone would have appreciated, dissected the liberal and bourgeois commitments underpinning Stone's work on sexuality. David Cannadine (IHR) chronicled the influences on Stone, from his education at Charterhouse and Oxford to his fruitful encounter with the French Annales school. A lively discussion ensued, sparked in part by Professor Cannadine's proposition that most great books, Stone's among others, were wrong. Professor Penelope Corfield (Royal Holloway and Bedford, University of London), the organizer of the session, brought the discussion to a thought-provoking conclusion by asking the audience to vote on whether the dramatic shifts over time that Stone had set out to describe (such as the `crisis of the aristocracy' or `rise of affective individualism') were possible or appropriate subjects for today's historian. The vote was split.

The second panel was a plenary session of the NACBS annual meeting last October in Pasadena, chaired by James Rosenheim, (Texas A & M). David Cannadine once again contributed an overview, while the other papers focused on specific works. Paul Seaver (Stanford University) reviewed The Causes of the English Revolution (1972), conveying a sense of Stone's engagement with other disciplines (sociology and political science) and with the urgent political issues (modernity and world revolution) of his time. Dror Wahrman (Indiana University) grappled with the relationship of Stone's use of quantitative methods to his claims for the `revival of narrative' through a close analysis of An Open Elite?, the book on the eighteenth century aristocracy co-authored with Jeanne C. Fawtier Stone in 1984. Rachel Weil explored the life and afterlife of Family, Sex and Marriage (1977) trying to account for its ability to inspire rage as well as its continuing appeal.

If one conclusion emerged from both panels, it was that Stone's legacy lies not in the founding of a school of thought but is rather a matter of spirit: of an endless appetite for ideas, of an embrace of critical engagement even when the criticism was directed at himself, and of the combination of generosity and rigor that enabled Stone to nurture students and colleagues whose approaches differed radically from his own. He is sorely missed.

submitted by Rachel Weil, Cornell University

Papers read at the Midwest Conference on British Studies Annual Meeting, University of Cincinnati, Ohio, 27-28 October 2000

Graduate Paper Award went to Scott Moir, University of Guelph, for "Kirk and Control: The Impact on Women and the Family in Post-Reformation Scotland"

Honorable mention went to Matthew P. Szromba, Loyola University of Chicago for "Patterns of Criminal Behavior and Justice within the Verge of the English Royal Household, 1660-1750: A Quantitative Study"

Other papers read:

"Traveling Players under Henry VIII and Edward VI"
James H. Forse and Christine Williams, Bowling Green State University

"John Bale's Kynge Johan as Tudor Propaganda"
Gerald D. George, Bowling Green State University

"John Bale and the Reshaping of Late Medieval Drama for Protestant Purposes"
Mary Kat Riddell, Bowling Green State University

"The Market Place as a Cultural Site: Public Penance, c.1250-1600"
Dave Postles, University of Leicester

"Bodies and Souls in Early Modern Norwich: Practices and Principles of the Public Punishment of Misdemeanors, 1560-1700"
Paul Griffiths, University of Leicester

"Anne Bront : Eighteenth-Century Connections"
Kristin A. LeVeness, St. John's University, New York

"Contesting Public and Private Spheres in Shirley"
Tara McGann, Columbia University

"Waiting at Home: The Limits of Domestic Ideology in Wood's East Lynne"
Kathleen Malony, Purdue University

"The Return of the English Crusaders, 1095-1195"
Theodore D. Petro, University of Cincinnati

"Confessor, Martyr, Warrior-Saint: The Cult of Saint George in England at the end of the Eleventh Century"
James B. MacGregor, University of Cincinnati

"The Kinship Network of Henry I and the Expansion of the Congregation of Tiron in the Twelfth Century"
Ruth Harwood Cline, Georgetown University

"Aphra Behn and Thomas Southerne: Rape, Slavery, and Oroonoko"
Susan Wiseman, Birkbeck College, University of London

"Lucretia's Legacy: Rape in Restoration Drama, 1660-1714"
Deborah Hughes, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

"George Etherege's Dormant: The Rake Figure and the Carnivalesque"
Mardy Philippian, Jr., Purdue University

"Imperial Ceremony in a Domestic Context: Victoria, Edward VII and the Indian Honor Guard, 1876-1910"
A. Martin Wainwright, University of Akron

"The African Institution of London: Africa and British Anti-Slavery, 1807-1827"
Wayne Ackerson, Salisbury State University

"Women and Republicanism: The Case of Catherine Macaulay"
Philip Hicks, Saint Mary's College

"Music, Meaning, and Politics--The 1784 Handel Commemoration Reconsidered"
Thomas McGeary, Champaign, IL

"Refusing the Royal Pardon: Male and Female Convicted Thieves and the Reactions of the Court, 1787-1789"
Lynn MacKay, Brandon University

"Lousy `Glibbs' and White `Turbents:' Seventeenth Century English Travelers and Perceptions of Foreign Cleanliness"
Anna Suranyi, UCLA

"`In the barbarous regions to be traversed:' British Travelers in Montenegro"
Natasha Margulis, University of Cincinnati

"She went Where?!!"
Joan Gaughan, University of Michigan

"Before the Great Rapprochement: Anglo-American Relations and the U.S. Navy in the Caribbean, 1895"
Kenneth Blume, Albany College

"Crusading Against the Cartel: Power, Profits, and Patriotism in the Global Information Market, 1927-1934"
Alexander Nalbach, Wayne State University

"The Necessary Relationship: The Changing Nature of the Anglo-American Relationship"
Phyllis L. Soybel, Elmhurst College

"Gender and Neo-Whiggism: Women in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Politics"
Anna Clark, University of Minnesota

"Editing H-Albion"
Richard Gorrie, University of Guelph

"The History, Practice, and Future of Editing Electronic Reviews"
Newton Key, Eastern Illinois University

"H-Albion Yesterday and Today"
Terry L. Taylor, Shoreline Community College, Seattle, WA

"`Keep the Widower Waking:' Vulnerable Masculinity in Early Modern England"
Barbara J. Todd, University of Toronto

"Cross-dressing Women and Ideas of Masculinity in England, 1578-1835"
Ed Burton, University of Cincinnati

"Honor and Martial Culture in Late Tudor and Stuart England"
Roger Manning, Cleveland State University

"James Bryce, Alfred Zimmern and the Classical Apology for Empire"
J. Rufus Fears, University of Oklahoma

"`How Rome Dwarfs Everything!' Stanley Baldwin and the Classical Tradition"
Robert Butler, Elmhurst College

"`A Terrible Tangle' (Harold Macmillan): The Churchill Government's Transport Bill, 1952"
Charles Loft, Queen Mary add Westfield College, University of London

"Queenship and the Building of Empire in the Thirteenth-Century Crown of Aragon"
Marta VanLandingham, Purdue University

"Henrietta Maria: Establishing the Role of Consort"
Caroline Hibbard, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

"`Wisdom Hath Built Her House:' Gender and the Politics of Panegyric at the Court of the Early Romanovs"
Elizabeth Zelensky, Georgetown University

"Wooing Erin: The British Comic Press and Feminine Images of Ireland, 1879-1882"
Michael de Nie, University of Wisconsin-Madison

"The Other and Brother: The Idea of the Jew In Imperial Britain"
Eric Reisenauer, University of South Carolina, Sumter

"Two Paths: Cole vs. Ruskin and the Terms of English Design"
Thomas Prasch, Washburn University

"The Gendered Poetics of Tragedy in Hamlet"
Katharine Goodland, CUNY-Staten Island

"`Such as we are made of, such we be': Courtship Ritual and Gender in Twelfth Night"
Tamara Agnew, University of Michigan

"Content, Form and Gender in As You Like It"
Neal Migan, Purdue University

"London in Flames: Rumor, Retribution and the Assassination of the Duke of Buckingham"
Tom Cogswell, University of California, Riverside

"Female Spirituality in Pre-Reformation Edinburgh: Janet Rynd and the Magdalen Chapel"
Mairi Cowan, University of Toronto

"Kirk and Control: The Impact on Women and the Family in Post-Reformation Scotland"
Janay Nugent, Tri-University

"`This Phaeton cast downe:' The Earl of Essex and Thomas Heywood's The Royall King, and the Loyall Subject"
Kevin Lindberg, The Ohio State University

"From Sejanus to Tiberius; Sir John Eliot and the Evolution of Anti-Monarchic Sentiment in Parliament"
Jeffrey D. Burson, George Washington University

"The Re-Presentation of Monarchy at the Stuart Restoration: The Image of the King"
Carolyn A. Edie, University of Illinois at Chicago

"My Difficulties in Management:' Philanthropy, Professionalism, and Business in Isabel Fry's Diaries (1911-1936)"
Heather Julien, University of Louisville

"The Influence of the Theater on Late Eighteenth-Century British Women Novelists"
Nora Nachumi, Indiana State University

"Heroines or Hostesses: The Political Woman in British Fiction of the Reform Era"
Lawrence Poston, University of Illinois at Chicago

"London's Poor Survivors of War: Disabled Veterans and War Widows, 1600-1800"
Geoffrey L. Hudson, Hannah Institute for the History of Medicine

"Five Shillings and a New Pair of Shoes: Settlement Law and the Deportation of Pregnant Women in London, 1662-1995"
Kimberly Kippen, University of Toronto

"Venereal Disease in the Eighteenth-Century Workhouse: A Study of Medical Provision Under the Old Poor Law"
Kevin Siena, University of Toronto

"The Transition from Women's History to Gender History: A Cost Analysis"
Melinda Zook, Purdue University

"A Body of Knowledge vs. an Intellectual Perspective: Women and Gender History"
Hilda Smith, University of Cincinnati

Papers read at the Pacific Coast Conference on British Studies Annual Meeting, Stanford University, April 6-8, 2001

"The Modernist and the Death of thee Victorian Mother"
Maura K. Grady, University of California, Davis

"Steven's `(Un)natural' Body: The Child Lesbian in The Well of Loneliness"
Barbara Tilley, University of Florida

"Lay Evangelism and English Catholicism 1570-1640"
Margaret Sena, Princeton University

"The Politics of Predestination: The Enforcement of the Royal Prohibition in Laud's London"
David R. Como, University of Maryland

"Milton: Renaissance and Restoration"
Clay Daniel, University of Texas, Pan-American

"Leadership Transformed: Grenville and Walsingham in the House of Lords"
Michael McCahill, Brooks School

"Wellington and his Leadership of the House of Lords"
Richard W. Davis, Washington University

"Constitutional History as National Identity, 1870-1914"
Richard Cosgrove, University of Arizona

"Reversing Homer and Petrarch: An Intertextual Reading of Sir Philip Sidney's Helen in the New Arcadia"
Bi-qi Beatrice Lei, New York University

"The Petrarchan Frame of Florio's Montaigne Essais"
Christopher D. Johnson, New York University

"Parodying Petrarch: Convention and Sincerity in Lady Mary Wroth's Urania"
Sue Starke, Monmouth University

"Medieval Designs: William Morris, Late Victorian Socialism and the Decorative Arts"
Rachel Teukolsky, University of California, Berkeley

"A Seer in a Sightseen Venice: Ruskin, the Organic Republic, and the Rubble"
Jennifer Scappetone, University of California, Berkeley

"Adventure in Babylon: Marie Corelli's Quest for Authenticity in Ancient History"
Alisha Siebers, University of California, Berkeley

"The Language of Complaint: Popular Songs as Evidence of Social Tension 1700-1830"
Robin Ganev, York University

"Virtuoso Culture and the History of Taste in Early Modern England"
Brian Cowan, University of Sussex

"Policing the Streets of 18th Century London"
Robert Shoemaker, University of Sheffield

"English Newsbooks and the Irish Massacres of 1641"
David O'Hara, McGill University

"`I get by with a little help from my friends:' The Catholic Powers and Gunrunning to the Irish Confederates, October 22, 1641-September 15, 1643"
Peter Edwards, Surrey University

"`Fitted for Desperation': Honour and Treachery in Yorkshire's Parliamentary Command, 1642-43"
Andrew J. Hopper, University of East Anglia

"`The Flight of the Muses:' Irish Unionist Poetry in the Fin de Sicle"
Katy Plowright, Oxford University

"Salutary Bands: Catholic Emancipation and its Effects on National Historical Discourse in Lingard and Banin"
Dominick Tracy, University of California, Davis

"Stereotype, Hybridity and Irishness: Sydney Owenson's The Wild Irish Girl"
Margaret McPeake, University of Miami

"A Clearing in the Jungle: Bungalows, Servants, and the Burden of Empire"
Steven Patterson, University of Memphis

"Imperial Performance: Anglo-Indian Theatricals and the Staging of British Rule"
Abby Wolf, Harvard University

"Co-operation, Contest, and Friendship: Margaret Cousins's and Muthulakshmi Reddy's Journalism in India"
Michelle Tusan, Stanford University

"The Politics of Poetry: W.B. Yeats and the Irish Revolution 1912-22"
Roy Foster, Carroll Professor of Irish History, University of Oxford

"Public Space/Private Bodies: Lesbians and the Workplace in Post War Britain"
Rebecca Jennings, University of Manchester

"`With no station and no trains, we might as well be dead!' Closing Britain's Branch Lines in the 1960s"
Charles Loft, Westminster College

"John Peel: Broadcasting Counter-Cultural Elitism"
Chad Martin, Stanford University

"Chaucer's Widows"
Laurel Amtower, San Diego State University

"Single Women in Malory"
Dorsey Armstrong, California State University, Long Beach

"Shakespeare's Greasy Joans"
Jerald W. Spotswood, Eastern New Mexico University

"Single Women in Jacobean Drama"
Adrienne L. Eastwood, University of California, San Diego

"Forever Wilt Thou Love and (S)he be Fair!' Pedagogy, Pederasty, and Romantic Friendship at Eton in the 1860s"
Morris Kaplan, Purchase College

"Oscar Gives Himself Away: Reading Wilde's Presentation Copies"
Mark Samuels Lasner, Washington

"The Love That Dared Not Speak His name: Literary Responses to the Wilde Trails"
Margareet Stetz, Georgetown University

"Samuel Rowley's Staging of Youth for Prince Henry, His Patron"
Mark Lawhorn, University of Hawaii

"From the Mouths of Babes: Speaking Children in English Witchcraft Trials and Exorcisms"
Michael Witmore, Carnegie Mellon University

"Voices and Letters in the Experience of Restoration Religious Nonconformity"
Michael Mascuch, University of California, Berkeley

"The Good Citizen: Men and Women on the Home front"
Sonya Rose, University of Michigan

"Trusting Mum: Women, Agency and Nation in Wartime Popular Fiction"
Gill Plain, University of St. Andrews

"Social and Political Implications of Gender in Selected Women's Fiction of the Second World War"
Elisabeth Maslen, London

"Visions for Company: Victorian Anthropology, Spiritualism, and the Project of Disembodied Otherness"
Grace Class, University of Michigan

"The Pitt-Rivers Museum, Farnham: Ethnographic Objects in the late-Victorian World"
Amy Robinson, Stanford University

"`Clap if you Believe in Sherlock Holmes:' The `Rational Imagination' and Modern Enchantment"
Micahel Saler, University of California, Davis

"Exploring 18th Century Hegemony: Tropes of Dependence in the Political Rhetoric of the 1790s"
Stephen F. Wolf, Linfield College

"Needlewomen and the New Poor Law"
Jo Chimes, University of Manchester

"Poverty, Pity, and Community: Urban Poverty and the Threat of Social Bonds in the late Victorian Age"
Dan Bivona, Arizona State University

"Theatrical Performance and the Ritual of Warfare: The American Revolution Revises the Script"
Maura C. Carey, Atlanta

"The Colonial Context of Hobbes's Leviathan"
Burke Griggs, Boston College

"Fred Burnaby and Achieving Celebrity Status in late Victorian England"
Martin Anderson, Dominican College

"The Manchester Movement for the Abolition of the Slave Trade"
Rachel Martin, Cambridge University

"Feminism in Parliament, 1867-1886"
Ben Griffin, Cambridge University

"Speaking to the People: Liberalism, Extra-Parliamentary Speech and Parliamentary Reform"
Kristin Zimmerman, Stanford University

"Dickens in Egypt"
Ryan Johnson, Stanford University

"Digging to India: Modernity, Imperialism, and the Suez Canal"
Emily Haddad, University of South Dakota

"Remembering Suez: The Crisis in John Osborne's The Entertainer and David Hare's Plenty"
Adam Knoles, University of Texas, Austin

"Sir George Hayter and the `1833 House of Commons:' Politics and Portraiture in the Reform Period"
Joseph Coohill, United Kingdom

"The Treasury View of Art, 1896-1914"
Peter Mandler, London Guildhall University

"Color Theories: Victorian Experiments in the Aesthetics of Race"
Jordanna Bailkin, Columbia University

"Women in the Market Economy,: England, 1300-1600; Southern Nigeria, 1850-1960; and Contemporary Uganda"
Marjorie McIntosh, University of Colorado

"`Nothing Inferior to Those of Men:' Circles of Intellectual Women in 17th Century England"
Carol Pal, Stanford University

"Like hell with the lid off:" British Medical Women and the Politics of Forcible Feeding, 1909-1914"
Kaarin Michaelsen, University of California-Berkeley

"`Sporty' Girls and `Artistic' Boys: Illicit Sex in the Personal Ad and the Correspondence Club 1913-39"
Harry Cocks, University of Manchester

"The Use of Leisure: Police Responses to Urban Discord, 1919-39"
Francis Dodsworth, University of Manchester

"The Problem of Leisure: Leisure as a Technology of Rule"
Philippa Grand, University of Manchester

"Massage Therapy, Sexuality and the Commercialization of Medicine"
Takahiro Ueyama, Sophia University, Tokyo

"Contagionism's Consequences: 19th Century Disease Theory and Victorian Narrative Form"
Tina Choi, University of California, Berkeley

"Running Amuck on Opium and Alcohol: The Limits of Legal Responsibility in Late Victorian Britain"
Susan Zeiger, University of California, Berkeley

"Mechanical Nature: William Morris Wallpaper, 1863-1895"
Stacey Loughrey, University of Southern California

"Eyes of the Proper Almond Shape:' Rossetti and Whistler as Collectors of Blue and White China"
Elizabeth Chang, University of California, Berkeley

"`Eye to Eye Oppos'd:' I.A. Richards and the Sinicization of British Modernism"
Rodney Koeneke, Stanford University

"`You are Harriet, and You are Black but Comely:' Is that all Harriet Is?"
Margaret Oakes, Furman University

"`A World She Recognized:' Female Space in the Works of P.D. James"
Robin Woods, Ripon College

"British Golden Age Detective Fiction: An End to the Myth of the Cozy Country House"
Susan Rowland, University of Greenwich

"Comparative Colonialisms: Missionaries, Indigenous People, and the Politics of Translation in Eastern Australia and Northwestern America"
Anne Keary, University of California, Berkeley

"Cult of Empire: Freemasonry, Civil Religion, and the British Raj"
Vahid Fozdar, University of California, Berkeley

"Purifying the Empire: Moral Censorship and the Civilizing Mission in Australia and India"
Deana Heath, University of California, Berkeley

"`What's News on the Rialto?' Early Modern Interpretations of Contemporary Massacres"
Elizabeth Truax, Chapman University

"Blood and Literature in 19th Century England"
Goldie Morgentaler, University of Lethbridge

"The Role of Blood Sports in Industrial England"
Emma Griffen, Cambridge University

"Pynson's Complaint: Feats of Merchandise and Fifteenth-Century Print Culture"
William Kuskin, University of Southern Mississippi

"Lacking Real Character: Samuel Pepys and the Cryptic Self"
Robert Batchelor, San Francisco

"Culture of Print: Mass Markets and Theories of the Liberal Public Sphere"
Judith Stoddart, Michigan State University

*UPDATED LISTINGS OF PAPER CALLS and other time-sensitive material can now be found on the NACBS WEB-SITE AT

Upcoming events at the University of London:

4-6 July 2001: The 70th Anglo-American Conference of Historians on `The Sea', at the Institute of Historical Research.

4 July 2001 the Royal Historical Society's Prothero Lecture, 5:00 p.m. at the Darwin Lecture Theatre in University College. Professor Geoffrey Parker will lecture on Philip II. A reception will follow.

9-11 July 2001. The Institute of Contemporary British History's conference on `The Permissive Society and its Enemies'.


Locating the Victorians: The year 2001 will mark the sesquicentenary of the Great Exhibition of 1851 and the centenary of the death of Queen Victoria. Coinciding with the dawn of a new millennium, these anniversaries provide the opportunity to review our interpretation of the culture of the Victorian period. The Science Museum, the Victoria & Albert Museum, and the Natural History Museum in London's South Kensington, a cultural quarter itself funded from the profits of the great Exhibition, are therefore hosting a Victorian festival. Major exhibitions and an international conference will interpret the 19th century for the benefit of the 21st. Dates of the conference will be 12-15 July 2001. The meeting will be interdisciplinary, wide-ranging and summatory. The organizing group: Robert Bud of the Science Museum (convenor), Paul Greenhalgh (V&A) and John Thackray (NHM), guided by a wide-ranging advisory committee. For information e-mail Jane Davies at the Science Museum at [email protected]

Royal Historical Society conference, "English Politeness, Conduct, Social Rank and Moral Virtue, c.1400-c.1900, Friday 14-Saturday 15 September 2001, Huntington Library, San Marino, California, U.S.A. For information, contact Barbara Donagan at the Huntington Library, 1151 Oxford Road, San Marino, CA 91108 or at [email protected]

The AHRB CENTRE FOR NORTH EAST ENGLAND HISTORY Annual Conference, 14-16 September 2001 at the University of Sunderland: PEOPLES AND MIGRATIONS: England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales in Comparative Perspective. The AHRB Centre for North East England History was established, as NEEHI, in 1995 to bring together the five north-eastern universities (Durham, Newcastle, Northumbria, Sunderland and Teesside) in association with the Open University, the Beamish Industrial Museum and other partners, to study regionalism and regional identity over a very long time span. This is the fourth annual international conference. The topic is migration, one of the most important demographic, economic and cultural phenomena in human history.

Proposals for papers are invited which relate directly to aspects of the history of North East England, but papers which relate to broader migration themes in British or Irish history are also welcome, as are international comparisons and theoretical studies. There is no restriction as to time period, and interdisciplinary perspectives are encouraged. It is hoped that new researchers as well as established scholars will offer papers. Themes for consideration include:

Emigration and return migration
British regional identity and the migration effect.
Economic aspects of migration
Transplanted cultures
Ethnic networks
Ethnic violence
Associational culture and migration
Borders, boundaries and migration
Assimilation, integration and ethnic plurality

Outline proposals (100/200 words) should be sent to Professor A.C. Hepburn, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, University of Sunderland, SUNDERLAND SR1 3PZ, United Kingdom, or, preferably, by e-mail to [email protected] (No deadline appeared on this announcement--ed.)

For further information about the AHRB Centre for North East England History contact the director, Professor David Rollason or the Research and Outreach Officer, Margaret McAllister, at the Department of History, University of Durham, Durham DH1 3EX

The Western Conference on British Studies will hold its 28th Annual Meeting in Houston, Texas on 12-13 October at the Hilton Houston Plaza. For information contact the Program Chair, Dr. Lee Thompson, Dept. of History, Lamar University, P.O. Box 10048, Beaumont, TX 77710. email: [email protected] or telephone (409)899-2610

The North American Conference on British Studies (NACBS) will hold its 2001 annual meeting, in association with the Midwest Conference on British Studies (MWCBS) at the Sutton Place Hotel, Toronto, Ontario, from November 2nd to 4th, 2001. For more information, please contact: ANGELA WOOLLACOTT, NACBS Program Chair, History Department, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106-7107, USA. Phone: (216)368-4165; fax: 216/368-4681; e-mail: [email protected]

The Northeast Conference on British Studies 2001 Meeting will be held on November 16-17 at Worcester Polytechnic Institute and the American Antiquarian Society in Worcester, Massachusetts. The Northeast CBS serves as the regional gathering for colleagues in the northeast states and eastern Canada but welcomes participants from all regions as well as outside North America. Conference information is available from Professor Peter Weiler, Boston College (President), Professor Peter Hansen, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA (Secretary/Treasurer & Local Arrangements), [email protected] Updated information will be available on the NECBS web site:

The Southern Conference on British Studies will hold its 2001 meeting November 16-19 in New Orleans, Louisiana. The SCBS will meet in conjunction with the Southern Historical Association. PLEASE NOTE THAT THE CONFERENCE WILL MEET FROM FRIDAY TO MONDAY RATHER THAN THE USUAL WEDNESDAY TO SATURDAY. The SHA made these arrangements in order to lower costs for participants. SCBS will begin Saturday morning.

CALL FOR PAPERS: The Group for the Study of Working Class Life is pleased to announce the How Class Works Conference, to be held at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, June 5-9. 2002. Proposals for papers, presentations, and sessions are welcome until November 15, 2001 according to the guidelines below. For more information, visit our website at

Purpose and Orientation: The conference seeks to explore ways in which an explicit recognition of class helps to understand the social world in which we live, and ways in which analysis of society can deepen our understanding of class as a social relationship. Presentations should take as their point of reference the lived experience of class; proposed theoretical contributions should be rooted in and illuminate social realities. All presentations should be accessible to an interdisciplinary audience. While the focus of the conference is in the social sciences, presentations from other disciplines are welcome as they bear upon conference themes. Presentations are also welcome from people outside academic life when they sum up social experience in a way that contributes to the themes of the conference. Academic presenters will be expected to prepare a paper for the conference. For non-academic presenters, papers will be welcome but are not required.

Conference themes: The conference welcomes proposals for presentations that advance our understanding of any of the following themes: The mosaic of class, race, and gender; class, power, and social structure; class and community; class in a global economy; middle class/working class; class and public policy; pedagogy of class.

Proposals for presentations must include the following information: a) title; b) which of the seven conference themes will be addressed; c) maximum 250 word summary of the main points, methodology, and slice of experience that will be summed up; d) relevant personal information, indication of institutional affiliation (if any) and what training or experience the presenter brings to the proposal; e) presenter's name, address, telephone, fax, and email address. A person may present in at most two conference sessions. To allow time for discussion, sessions will be limited to four fifteen-minute principal presentations. Sessions will not include official discussants.

Proposals for sessions are welcome. A single session proposal must include proposal information for all presentations expected to be part of it, as detailed above, with some indication of willingness to participate from each proposed session member.

Submit proposals as hard copy by mail to the How Class Works Conference, Group for the Study of Working Class Life, Department of Economics, SUNY, Stony Brook, NY 11794-4384. Proposals must be postmarked by November 15, 2001. Notifications will be mailed on January 15, 2002. Conference registration and housing reservations will be possible after January 15, 2002. Details and updates will be posted at Conference Coordinator: Michael Zweig, Group for the Study of Working Class Life, Department of Economics, SUNY, Stony Brook, NY 11794-4384, [email protected]


Appeal for contributions: the North West Labour History Group (England) intends to publish 2 special issues of its journal, one on the 1960s to appear in 2001 and one on the 1970s to appear in 2002. Our aim is to look at the radical social, cultural and political movements in Manchester, Liverpool and elsewhere in the north west in those decades. Most retrospectives have focused on pop and fashion and been London-centered so a revision is long overdue! Please contact Michael Herbert, c/o Working Class Movement Library, 51 Crescent, Salford M5 4MX. email: [email protected]

The American Friends of the Institute of Historical Research (AFIHR) has pledged to help pay for a new Periodicals Room at the IHR in London. Those who wish to make a contribution for this or another purpose may send it to Nancy Ellenberger, Assistant Secretary for Membership, AFIHR, Department of History, U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD 21402-5044. For further information, you may write to Daniel Baugh, the new President of the organization, at the Department of History, McGraw Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-4601, (607)533-4318, or consult the AFIHR web-site at:

Folger Institute events in 2001-2002 will include a fall conference on "Transactions of the Book;" a year-long dissertation seminar, "Researching the Archive," directed by Linda Levy Peck and David Scott Kastan; fall semester seminars entitled "Practices of Piety: Lived Religion in Early Modern Europe," directed by Barbara Diefendorf, "The Theory and Practice of Scholarly Editing," directed by W. Speed Hill, and "Divulging Household Privacies: The Politics of Domesticity from the Caroline Court to Paradise Lost," directed by Laura Lunger Knoppers; a fall semester skills course on "Renaissance Paleography in England," directed by Laetitia Yeandle; a spring conference on "Ottomans and Others: Cultural Exchange in the Old World;" a spring weekend seminar on "Early Modern Paris," directed by Karen Newman, a spring semester seminar on "Change and Stability in Shakespeare's Poetry," led by Katherine Duncan-Jones; and a late spring seminar, "The Foundations of Modern International Thought, 1494-1713," directed by David Armitage.

For further information contact The Folger Institute, the Folger Shakespeare Library, 201 East Capital Street SE, Washington D.C. 20003, (202)675-0333 or consult the website at

The Center for British Studies at the University of Colorado at Boulder has prepared an updated version of its "Finding Guides to the British Studies Collections at the University of Colorado Libraries."
The Finding Guides are accessible on-line through the Center for British Studies' Website:
The Center welcomes visitors who come to use the collections amidst Boulder's many non-academic charms. For further information, contact Elizabeth Robertson, the Director of the Center: [email protected]
For information about the Huntington Library series on early modern history, contact Barbara Donagan at the Huntington Library, 1151 Oxford Road, San Marino, CA 91108 or at [email protected]

British Studies Hits the Highway--the Information Highway, that is--
NACBS website at contains up-to-date information on conference deadlines and other time-sensitive information as well as information about the organization, on-line journal subscription, and links to other relevant web-sites. Contributions intended for this website can be forwarded to "webmaster" Professor Peter Hansen, at the Department of Humanities and Arts, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609-2280, or to [email protected]
The British Studies Intelligencer is online at or you can link to it from within the NACBS site in the "Publications" area.
North East Conference on British Studies (NECBS) website: http:://
Pacific Coast Conference on British Studies (PCCBS) website:

The Southern Conference on British Studies website:


In memoriam: Edward McCullough. His many Concordia friends were saddened to hear of the death on Christmas Day of Professor Emeritus Edward Eastman McCullough, who was chair of the History Department of Sir George Williams University during the 1960s. He died in hospital in St. Catharine's, Ontario, after a series of strokes. Professor Frank Chalk said in a message to his colleagues, "Many of us will recall Ed's visit to Montreal on the occasion of the publication of his book on the origins of World War I and his pleasure in continuing to work for the cause of world federalism. I will miss him." Dr. McCullough's wife Beryl predeceased him by several years. Our sympathies are extended to their children, Kathleen Cunningham of Mississauga, and Kenneth McCullough, of Dollard-des-Ormeaux, and their families.
Barbara Black, Concordia College

50th Anniversary: The Past, Present and Future of NACBS

The NACBS presents the remarks from a plenary panel at the 2000 Annual Meeting in Pasadena.

50th Anniversary: The Past, Present and Future of NACBS
Henry R. Winkler, University of Cincinnati

The Group that met at the NYU Faculty Club on the north side of Washington Square fifty years ago numbered some thirty British historians--in those days the Conference on British Studies included only historians. Some time later the group was transformed to be genuinely representative of the broader field of British Studies. Six of us from Rutgers were among the original members, but Ruth Emery and Sam McCulloch were by all odds the most active in organizing and promoting the Conference. In due time, after NYU's new Loeb Center was built, meetings were held there and eventually, of course, the CBS became the impressive North American Conference on British Studies with various regional branches that we know today.

One of the striking features of the early days was the large number of distinguished women scholars in the Conference's membership. Margaret Judson, Margaret Hastings, Mildred Campbell, Madeline Robinton, Helen Taft Manning, Caroline Robbins--all except Madeline Robinton were located at women's colleges, yet they were evidence, I think, that for a variety of reasons the British fields were more open to careers for women than most other areas of history or literature. And that receptivity has continued with the career choices of a substantial cadre of able and well trained young women. That in turn raises a major concern. The evidence seems clear that there has been a decline in interest in British Studies as a rapidly changing world has demanded attention to areas and issues hardly dreamed about few short years ago. As appointments shift into such fields--to say nothing of the downsizing that seems to be emulating current business practices--will women be disproportionately disadvantaged? It will require both information and vigilance to make sure that does not happen.

What have been a few of the trends observable in the years since the creation of the Conference? One certainly is the increased movement back and forth of British and American scholars--David Cannadine and Philip Williamson at this meeting, Roger Louis as the editor of the new Oxford History of the British Empire, one could add numerous examples. Occasionally one has heard whispers of "competition," but quite patently the movement is healthy for the discipline and clearly not to be deplored.

Perhaps not quite so fully as among American historians, there has been a major shift in our area away from what David Oshinsky has called "the public life of the nation to the private lives of citizens"--a liberating trend, to be sure. But I am sure you will attribute to my age the view that perhaps too frequently the new initiatives have been involved with the trivial and even the inconsequential.

Enough of that. I cannot emphasize enough the importance of the recent Stansky Report both as analysis of our present condition and as prescription for the future. Its emphasis on the need for more flexible interdisciplinary approaches--both because they make pedagogical sense and as a survival technique--is right on the mark. Similarly, the Report's argument for the need to see British Studies themselves in a broader context needs to be taken seriously. To illustrate, it seems likely that the kind of history I have in a small way attempted--history which studies ideas about foreign policy in Britain, but with insufficient attention to the attitudes, history, and so on, of the world in which those ideas have developed, i.e. Europe, the U.S.--that kind of history is likely to be increasingly superseded by studies that will have to be richer in exploring the framework within which British foreign policy ideas have developed.

A final word. Quite aside from the intrinsic importance, in and of itself, of the scholarly exploration of the British past and its culture, most of us, I am sure, are convinced of its continuing relevance in the education of North American students, who know too little about the roots of their own ideas, assumptions, attitudes, prejudices--and for whom it can be a revealing component in the knowledge of the "external" world that is so deficient among them at the present time.

At any rate, it has been a fertile and productive fifty years for the NACBS. Let us hope that fifty years from now our successors will be able to say the same.

The Future of the NACBS
Muriel McClendon, University of California-Los Angeles

The NACBS can certainly prosper and thrive in its second fifty years of existence, and I see three areas in which it might concentrate its efforts.

First, the NACBS needs to pay closer attention to the interdisciplinarity implied in the organization's name. For a long time, conference panels have largely been populated by historians, with only occasional appearances by scholars from other disciplines. Even though efforts to cross disciplinary boundaries can be difficult and fraught with some suspicion on all sides, the fruits of such collaboration have proven more than worthwhile and the NACBS should be a leader in showcasing this type of work.

Second, the NACBS should continue to support and highlight research in newer fields of inquiry that have become the focus of considerable interest among scholars, but were not of central concern when the organization was founded. The annual conference program should continue to strike a balance between panels devoted to topics such as race and ethnicity, post-colonialism, gender and sexuality, family life and work , and those that focus on more traditional areas of study, as well as welcome explorations into new arenas of intellectual investigation.

Finally, the NACBS stands in an excellent position to take a cue from the Runnymede Trust's recent report on "The Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain" which has interrogated the very concept of Britishness. This is not simply a matter of coping with changing times, but one of reflecting on the past of the organization, and of British studies in general. Recent NACBS meetings have devoted some discussion to the so-called "crisis in British studies." A decline in interest in Britain in favor of the study of the history, literature and philosophy of other parts of the world has sometimes been linked to the changing face of student populations and an accompanying "identity politics." However, as the NACBS looks to the future, its members must come to terms with the fact that the earlier centrality of British studies was also based on an identity politics, although one of a very different type.

The NACBS has already begun to take British Studies in new and exciting directions and should continue to do so.

Prospects: The Nation State, National Histories, and the North American Conference on British Studies
Chris Waters, Williams College

In September 1946, some four years before the establishment of the NACBS, Winston Churchill spoke at Zurich University. "If Europe were once united in the sharing of its common inheritance," he argued, "there would be no limit to the happiness, to the prosperity and glory which its three or four hundred million people would enjoy." In that speech, Churchill called for the establishment of a United States of Europe, although implicitly he excluded Britain from the entity for which he argued: "We British," he was quick to add, "have our own Commonwealth of Nations." But despite the Commonwealth, and despite the so-called "special relationship" with the United States, a little more than a quarter of a century after Churchill's Zurich address--with Churchill dead for less than a decade--Britain joined what is now the European Union. In 1992, in the Journal of British Studies, John Pocock likened the decision made by British governing elites in the 1960s and 1970s to that made by Scottish governing elites between 1688 and 1707: both, he argued, saw the writing on the wall; both realized that they could no longer maintain a fully independent national policy; both--to some extent reluctantly--saw the very future of their nation enmeshed in a larger geopolitical entity. Even before the adoption of the Single European Act and the Maastricht Treaty, by which most member states of the EU committed themselves to monetary union, it can be argued that each member state, Britain included, had effectively ceased to exist as a fully sovereign, autonomous nation state--a point recognized by Tory Euro-sceptics and columnists for the Spectator better than most.

I begin my reflections this afternoon by mentioning this because it seems to me that as we enter a new century, one already marked by complex processes of globalization, the future of the nation state--in Europe in particular--is in question. And if the nation state is in question, then so obviously is the history in which the nation state has wrapped itself and through which it has justified its existence. As two members of our organization--Philippa Levine and our former president, Reba Soffer--have shown, the rise of history as a professional academic discipline in Britain towards the end of the nineteenth century cannot be separated from complex processes of state formation: on the one hand, the love of truth, objectivity, and the celebration of valuable continuities in national life were identified with the national character; on the other, a thorough understanding of the origins and development of the nation's remarkable political institutions, it was believed, would inspire communal ideals of service to the nation. But that nation is not as powerful as it once was, citizens of the United States certainly do not identify with it as much as they once did, and, I would suspect--for better or for worse--many younger members of this very organization believe there is much less to celebrate in Britain's past and present than did the founder-members of the North American Conference on British Studies fifty years ago, a topic itself worthy of historical investigation.

Now, obviously British history will always have a future in Britain, although the changes in the form taken by the nation itself, and in its relation to Europe and the larger world, will there too lead to changes in the way its past is taught. But in the United States--and I'm going to limit my comments to the United States rather than speak about North America as a whole--the place of the British past is even more uncertain than the future status of the United Kingdom itself. As the so-called Stansky Report makes abundantly clear, British history does not occupy the same position of importance in the US academy as it once did. Indeed, gone are the days when some worthy institutions employed three or four British historians; increasingly the norm is one, and in some institutions none. In other places, British history is being collapsed into European history, often against the backdrop of protest,--at times, ironically, similar in tone to the protests against the broader collapse of Britain into the EU. Survey courses in Western Civ. are giving way to new courses in global history--often very imaginative, like Stanford's "Ten Days that Shook the World"--while non-western history swallows up positions formerly allocated to Europeanists. There's no going back; nor, I think, should this organization try to do so. As one of our members John Gillis, wrote in a 1996 article in Perspectives--the newsletter of the AHA--on the teaching of European history, we should welcome the shift from national to transnational subjects: "It is time," he said, "to abandon the practices of enclosure that define history as a series of separate "fields", jealously guarded by overspecialized proprietors." Hurry up please, it's time.

What future, then, for our organization, an organization dedicated to promoting the study of a national history at a time when the very nation on which it lavishes its attention is coming unstuck and when the teaching of national history in the United States--save of course for the history of the US itself, in all its imperial might--is being challenged from numerous quarters an is in decline, except in the largest of the research universities? Already, I think, members of our organization have been grappling with some of these issues, leading to the emergence of what might be termed a uniquely North American historiography of Britain and of Britain in the wider world. Indeed, I would agree with Jonathan Clark's 1997 claim in the Historical Journal that the sorts of history being practiced in the two countries are becoming increasingly unlike each other--even if I disagree with the conclusions he draws from this. If we take some works written in the 1960s by major American historians of modern Britain--such as David Roberts's Victorian Origins of the British Welfare State (1960), David Owen's English Philanthropy 1660-1960 (1964), Peter Stanksy's Ambitions and Strategies: The Struggle for the Leadership of the Liberal Party in the 1890s (1964) or Sheldon Rothblatt's The Revolution of the Dons (1968)--I think it is difficult to identify these as uniquely American works. By contrast, if we consider those works that have influenced a younger generation of North American historians of modern Britain in the 1990s--Judith Walkowitz's City of Dreadful Delight (1992), Antoinette Burton's Burdens of History (1994), or the articles about nineteenth- and twentieth-century Britain that appeared in the American Historical Review (and that one could hardly imagine appearing in the antediluvian English Historical Review)--I think we must agree that these works are informed by a number of concerns and practices that are more central to contemporary US, rather than British, society. In short, they "feel" very American. So, too, does the program for a conference taking place later this month at the Huntington Library, "A New Imperial History: Transculture, Commodities, and Identities in the First British Empire." So, too, do a number of comparative works recently published by American scholars, such as Jamie Bronstein's study of radical land reform plans in the first half of the nineteenth century in the US and Britain.

Some members of our organization no doubt lament the changes that have taken place; others do not. To borrow from Peter Novick's magisterial account of the transformation of the profession of history in the US, they are welcomed as a fresh breeze by some and viewed as acid rain by others. Some of our members would not be caught dead going to panels on topics such as "imperial masculinities"; others would stay well clear of panels with names like "Defenders and Critics of Church Rates in the Nineteenth Century." This worried me as program chair, for the increasing prominence of this new work on the program seemed to drive a number of wedges between different generational cohorts of NACBS members. Some years ago, Richard Hoggart published his collected essays under the title, Speaking to Each Other; I worried whether or not we were speaking to each other--indeed, whether or not it was still possible to speak to each other. At many times an NACBS conference feels like a happy family reunion. No doubt there are many of us here who have sometimes felt, to borrow from George Orwell, that it is a family with the wrong members in control, but a happy--and largely welcoming--family it remains. I wondered--and still wonder--whether or not this can remain the case, whether or not the very meaning of history as we now practice it has become so broad as to prevent useful dialogue among us.

Be that as it may, I would argue that much of the new work being done in North America and showcased each year at these meetings has reinvigorated the field and has led to a good deal of excitement about the "new British Studies," to borrow the title of a recent, special issue of the journal Representations. If in the past, some members of the NACBS resented British scholars coming to our meetings and lecturing us, former colonial subjects, on how to do things properly, I now wonder whether or not the tables might have been turned and an American intellectual imperialism, born of a conviction about the importance of the new work, has led many of us to tell some of our British colleagues what they should be doing. Nevertheless, one thing I do take pride in is the growing number of British historians of Britain on our program and the increasing trans-Atlantic dialogue that is taking place at our conferences, a dialogue in which we can speak to each other--or at least try to--across the ocean. Moreover, as national boundaries become more and more porous, so these very distinctions between an American and a British historian of Britain are themselves beginning to appear increasingly archaic, as indeed they should . More and more of us journey back and forth across the Atlantic like yo-yos, working here and living there, bridging differences and reinvigorating the field. We're all increasingly trans-Atlantic now and I think the NACBS has done a good job of both recognizing this and encouraging it. It bodes well for the future!

I'd like to conclude by returning to Orwell's family metaphor that I brought up before. I was often struck during my term as program chair by the cosy familiarity--dare I say insularity--of our organization, older and younger members alike. One year I might receive a proposal for a panel with John, Mary and Tom giving papers, Anne chairing, and Steve commenting; next year I would receive a proposal for a panel in which John chaired, Mary, Anne and Steve gave papers and Tom commented; then the next year...well, you get the point.... And this was the same whether or not the panel was concerned with topics the likes of imperial masculinities or Victorian debates about church rates. If our organization is going to continue to renew itself, we need to find better ways of attempting to become a body devoted to the promotion of a genuinely broad British studies, rather than a more narrow British history--especially given what I said in opening today about the future of the history of this particular nation state in the US. While I feel pleased about having opened up our annual meetings to more graduate students and also to more scholars based in Britain, I think I failed dismally in promoting a genuinely interdisciplinary British Studies, despite the success of some special panels, such as the one I asked Steve Pincus to organize several years ago on early modern British history and the new historicism. But we need to do much more. We need to reach out across disciplines more than we currently do; we need to reach out to work jointly with scholars in North America in the French Studies and German Studies Associations (and I gather that the annual conferences of the latter are extraordinary for their interdisciplinarity), largely because they also face many issues pertaining to the decline of national history that face us; and we need, perhaps most of all, to discuss what we are now doing in the classroom--how we teach the empire, or how we now mount "the survey course"--for it is here that some of the most creative reimagining of the field is taking place. The task we face now is not simply one of promoting British history, nor thinking about how best to enrich it by merely `borrowing' from outside of its immediate boundaries--nor, I might add, simply one of jumping on the bandwagon of the latest fad. Rather, we all need to put our heads together to redefine the whole enterprise. If we don't, I fear that our happy little family might shrink so much that we'll end up getting bored by each other.

Correction: the Pasadena panel included Professor Samuel C. McCulloch, University of California, Irvine. The BSI Editor wishes to apologize for erroneously reporting the death of Professor McCulloch in the printed edition of the Spring 2001 Intelligencer. Happily, Professor McCulloch remains with the British Studies community. The Editor deeply regrets this error and wishes to apologize for any embarrassment or distress this may have caused Professor McCulloch, his family or friends.